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Overview of Hormonal Pigmentation-Malasma
Also called “The Mask Of Pregnancy”, Melasma or Hormonal Pigmentation frequently effects non-pregnant women. Males with a genetic predisposition can also suffer from this condition. At Medaesthetics, we routinely see patients with this skin disorder.
Factors that may trigger Malasma include:
- Sun exposure: Ultraviolet light stimulates pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) in the skin. Even a few minutes of direct sun exposure can trigger Melasma or make Melasma return after treatment.
- People with darker skin types have more melanocytes and therefore are more susceptible to developing Melasma.
- Fluctuation in Hormones also seems to have a clinical correlation with melasma.
In summary, anything that irritates the skin can potentially trigger or worsen Melasma.
At Medaesthetics™ in Perth, we treat Melasma (Hormonal Pigmentation) using a combination-treatment approach. This means using several treatment options together to maximise the clinical efficacy of our pigmentation management plan.
Treatment options include:
- Prescribing Medical Strength Skin Whitening Agents (Topical Creams)
- Series of low-intensity, Q-switched, Nd: YAG laser treatments
- Medical strength peels such as Dermamelan™ peeling system and TCA peel.
- Fraxel Laser Peel
Careful patient selection is the key when advising any skin treatment. Hormonal pigmentation should be treated my skin therapists working under direct medical supervision.
To discuss your treatment options and book an obligation free appointment, please contact us today.
Frequently Asked Questions
Melasma (Hormonal Pigmentation) can be a very challenging skin condition to control & treat. It is not unusual for a patient to become extremely frustrated after trying a variety of treatments and spending $$$ in an attempt to obtain satisfactory results.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for Melasma in the majority of cases. The basic principle behind clinically managing it is to minimise the appearance of pigmentation as much as possible.
Here is the summary of Melasma Management Protocol:
- 1) Avoid triggering factors, including unnecessary UV exposure.
- 2) Home use skin care products.
- 3) Professional dermatological treatments including peels and lasers.
At medaesthetics™, we treat Melasma and PIH (Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation) under the direct supervision of our medical doctors:
- Once a fortnight session of Revlite™ Laser x 5 sessions (5 min session, no discomfort or downtime).
- Topical, high-strength pigmentation correction cream (prescription only).
We find the majority of our patients respond extremely well to the above protocol and usually get 60 -90% resolution in as little as eight weeks.
A small number of patients resistant to the above treatment protocol can then be treated with one of the following treatment options:
- TCA Peel
- Fraxel Repair™ CO2 Laser Facial
- Dermamelan™ Peel
Important information patients need to know:
- As discussed above, Melasma is triggered by UV exposure in the majority of cases. It makes logical sense that people prone to melasma should be sun smart.
- Wear a broad-spectrum, non-chemical sun-block daily with an SPF of at least 30. Reapply every 4 hours when out in the sun.
- Wear sun smart clothing and hats.
- Consider using umbrellas when out in the sun, if possible.
Topical Skin Products:
Key ingredients in topical skin products to minimise pigmentation are:
- Vitamin A or Retinol
- Vitamin B or Niacinamide
- Vitamin C or Ascorbic Acid
- Kocic Acid
Commonly used peeling agents are:
- Alpha Hydroxy Acids (glycol acid etc.)
- Trichlor Acetic Acid (TCA)
- Various combinations of above-mentioned acids.
- Dermamelan™ Peel
Lasers & Lights:
It is important to understand that:
- Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatment often make Melasma worse. We believe that IPLs should not be used at all when it comes to managing Hormonal Pigmentation and Post-Inflammatory-Hyperpigmentation (PIH).
- The only laser, clinically proven to improve Melasma & Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH) is Q-Switched NdYag Laser such as Revile™. The treatment has to be done using very low energy settings and done on frequent intervals over a period of several weeks.
- Fraxel Lasers are useful in carefully selected lighter skin patients.
At Medaesthetics™, we tailor-make our Melasma Treatment Plan to suit individual patient needs and budget. Your skin is first analysed using state of the art computerised digital skin analysis to determine the extent and depth of pigmentation.
A Combination-treatment plan is then drawn up for each patient under the direct supervision of our medical team. Patient motivation and commitment is the key to a successful outcome.